Monarchy, especially absolute monarchy, is sometimes associated with religious aspects; Many monarchs once claimed the right to rule according to the will of a deity (divine right of kings, mandate of heaven) or a special association with a deity (holy king), or even claimed to be divine kings or incarnations of deities themselves (imperial worship). Many European monarchs were called fidei defensor (defenders of the faith); Some hold official positions concerning the state religion or the established church. There are about 50 nations in the world with a dictator. One of them is Thailand, where General Prayut Chan-o-cha took power in 2014 after widespread anti-government protests. Chan-o-cha declared martial law, dissolved the nation`s senate, and took control. Since then, Thailand has survived under dictatorial military rule. The military junta, called the National Council for Peace and Order, imposes nationwide curfews, bans political gatherings, threatens political opponents or activists with arrest, controls the media, and enforces widespread internet censorship. Most monarchies have only one person acting as monarch at any given time, even though two monarchs have ruled simultaneously in some countries, a situation known as diarchy. Historically, this was the case in the ancient Greek city-state of Sparta. There are examples of joint sovereignty of spouses, parents and children or other relatives (such as William III and Mary II in the kingdoms of England and Scotland, Tsars Peter I and Ivan V of Russia, and Charles I and Joan of Castile). Throughout the European continent, many monarchs ruled with absolute power. Peter the Great in Russia; Frederick the Great in Prussia (statue in the photo); and Philip II in Spain were crowned and governed with an authority and power that no one could match.
One of the most famous and well-known absolute monarchs in history is Louis XIV of France. His reign of 72 years (1638-1715) was the longest reign in Europe. He crowned himself “Sun King” and said that as the sun is on the earth, it is on the France. Although Louis XIV could not cope with the debt problems in France, he is considered the most prosperous absolute monarch in Europe. communist – a system of government in which the state plans and controls the economy and only one party – often authoritarian – is in power; State controls are introduced with the elimination of private ownership of property or capital, while demands for progress towards a higher social order in which all goods are equally shared by the people (i.e. a classless society). In a hereditary monarchy, the position of monarch is inherited by legal or customary succession to the throne, usually within a royal family whose origins go back to a historical dynasty or lineage. This usually means that the heir to the throne is known long before his appointment as monarch to ensure a smooth succession.   According to a 2020 study, monarchy as a system of government emerged due to efficiency in managing large populations and large territories at times when coordination of these populations was difficult. The authors argue that the monarchy declined as a type of effective regime with innovations in communication and transportation technologies as the effectiveness of the monarchy declined compared to other types of regime.  Absolute monarchy – a form of government in which the monarch governs unhindered, i.e. without laws, constitutions or legally organized opposition.
So whether a king can command “with his head open” depends on the type of government that is accepted in his country. If he sets the rules (domination by man) or if the accepted external rules allow it (rule of law), the victim has no chance. Communism is a centralized form of one-party rule, often ruled in an authoritarian manner. Inspired by the German philosopher Karl Marx, communist states replaced private property and a profit-based economy with public ownership and communal control of economic production such as labor, capital goods, and natural resources. Citizens are part of a classless society that distributes goods and services according to need. Primogeniture, in which the eldest of the monarch`s children becomes monarch first, is the most common system in hereditary monarchy. The order of succession is usually influenced by gender-specific regulations. Historically, “agnatic primogeniture” or “patrilineal primogeniture” was preferred, i.e. heredity according to age of birth in sons of a monarch or head of household, where sons and their male descendants inherited before brothers and their descendants, and male males inherited before females from the male line.  This corresponds to semi-Salic primogeniture. The complete exclusion of women from dynastic succession is commonly referred to as the application of Salian law (see Terra salica).